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Capability

Underlying theory

Capability refers to an individual's ability to perform actions in order to reach the goals he or she has reason to value.

Factors on different levels of the person’s life form the basis for what that individual is capable of. Examples of factors on a macro level are laws and regulations that affect pensions, social security, labour market, home care, and health care. On a mesolevel, factors that influence capability include the context in which the daily life is embedded, e.g. socioeconomic, family life, social networks, caring facilities and obligations, health care and work. Finally, individual factors include genetic predispositions, neurobiology, personality, somatic, mental/cognitive health, life style and human capital (e.g education, acquired work skills, earning capacity).

Research methods

Both quantitative and qualitative research methods will be used, and projects that assess secular trends, bodily and mental / cognitive health, neurological health, work and retirement, fragility, and self-determination will be included. Researchers at the Center and their network already have access to large population-based databases.

It is intended to launch the contemporary intervention studies and longitudinal studies of new cohorts which will enable AgeCap to cover the entire age range from 50 to 100 years.

Measuring capability

An instrument for measuring the capability of older people has been developed at the University of Birmingham in the UK. Icecap-O (ICEpop Capability measure for Older People), focusing, unlike many other quality of life instruments, for a broader perspective and not only the health and functional capacity. It can also be used for health economy analyses.

Icecap-O has now been translated into Swedish and research is underway in AgeCap to test the reliability and validity of this instrument. It is free to use but must be attributed. More information and the Swedish version can be found here.

Contact helena.horder@neuro.gu.se if you are interested in the Swedish version of Icecap-O.

Page Manager: Ingmar Skoog & Hanna Falk|Last update: 9/18/2015
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